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Mitochondrial Ca2+ transport and permeability transition in zebrafish (Danio rerio)

By Luca Azzolin, Emy Basso, Francesco Argenton and Paolo Bernardi

Abstract

AbstractWe have studied mitochondrial Ca2+ transport and the permeability transition (PT) in the teleost zebrafish (Danio rerio), a key model system for human diseases. Permeabilized zebrafish embryo cells displayed a mitochondrial energy-dependent Ca2+ uptake system that, like the Ca2+ uniporter of mammals, was inhibited by ruthenium red. Zebrafish mitochondria underwent a Ca2+-dependent PT that displayed Pi-dependent desensitization by cyclosporin A, and responded appropriately to key modulators of the mammalian PT pore (voltage, pH, ubiquinone 0, dithiol oxidants and cross linkers, ligands of the adenine nucleotide translocator, arachidonic acid). Opening of the pore was documented in intact cells, where it led to death that could largely be prevented by cyclosporin A. Our results represent a necessary step toward the use of zebrafish for the screening and validation of PTP inhibitors of potential use in human diseases, as recently shown for collagen VI muscular dystrophy [Telfer et al., 2010]

Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Year: 2010
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.bbabio.2010.07.002
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