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Mesial temporal sclerosis is linked with more widespread white matter changes in temporal lobe epilepsy

By Min Liu, Luis Concha, Catherine Lebel, Christian Beaulieu and Donald W. Gross

Abstract

AbstractTemporal lobe epilepsy patients with unilateral mesial temporal sclerosis (TLE+uMTS) have been demonstrated to have extensive white matter abnormalities both ipsilateral and contralateral to the seizure onset zone. However, comparatively less is known about the white matter integrity of TLE patients without MTS (non-lesional TLE, nl-TLE). The purpose of the study was to investigate the diffusion properties of thirteen major white matter tracts in patients with TLE+uMTS and nl-TLE. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) was performed on 23 TLE+uMTS (15 left MTS and 8 right MTS), 15nl-TLE and 21 controls. Thirteen tracts were delineated by tractography and their diffusion parameters compared for the two TLE groups relative to controls, with left and right hemispheres combined per tract. A subgroup analysis investigated left and right MTS separately. Compared to controls, reduced anisotropy was detected in ten tracts for TLE+uMTS, but only the parahippocampal cingulum and tapetum for nl-TLE. Right MTS subgroup showed reduced anisotropy in 7 tracts bilaterally (3 limbic, 3 association, 1 projection) and 2 tracts ipsilaterally (1 association, 1 projection) and the body of the corpus callosum whereas the left MTS subgroup showed reduced anisotropy in 4 tracts bilaterally (2 limbic, 1 association, 1 projection) and 2 tracts ipsilaterally (1 limbic, 1 association). Diffusion abnormalities in tracts were observed within and beyond the temporal lobe in TLE+uMTS and were more widespread than in nl-TLE. Patients with right MTS had more extensive, bilateral abnormalities in comparison to left MTS. These findings suggest different dysfunctional networks in TLE patients with and without MTS

Publisher: The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Year: 2012
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.nicl.2012.09.010
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