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The microtubule-binding protein CLIP-170 coordinates mDia1 and actin reorganization during CR3-mediated phagocytosis

By Elodie Lewkowicz, Floriane Herit, Christophe Le Clainche, Pierre Bourdoncle, Franck Perez and Florence Niedergang

Abstract

Microtubule dynamics are modulated by regulatory proteins that bind to their plus ends (+TIPs [plus end tracking proteins]), such as cytoplasmic linker protein 170 (CLIP-170) or end-binding protein 1 (EB1). We investigated the role of +TIPs during phagocytosis in macrophages. Using RNA interference and dominant-negative approaches, we show that CLIP-170 is specifically required for efficient phagocytosis triggered by αMβ2 integrin/complement receptor activation. This property is not observed for EB1 and EB3. Accordingly, whereas CLIP-170 is dynamically enriched at the site of phagocytosis, EB1 is not. Furthermore, we observe that CLIP-170 controls the recruitment of the formin mDia1, an actin-nucleating protein, at the onset of phagocytosis and thereby controls actin polymerization events that are essential for phagocytosis. CLIP-170 directly interacts with the formin homology 2 domain of mDia1. The interaction between CLIP-170 and mDia1 is negatively regulated during αMβ2-mediated phagocytosis. Our results unravel a new microtubule/actin cooperation that involves CLIP-170 and mDia1 and that functions downstream of αMβ2 integrins

Topics: Research Articles
Publisher: The Rockefeller University Press
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:2606960
Provided by: PubMed Central

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