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Structural Basis of the Migfilin-Filamin Interaction and Competition with Integrin β Tails*S⃞

By Yatish Lad, Pengju Jiang, Salla Ruskamo, David S. Harburger, Jari Ylänne, Iain D. Campbell and David A. Calderwood


A link between sites of cell adhesion and the cytoskeleton is essential for regulation of cell shape, motility, and signaling. Migfilin is a recently identified adaptor protein that localizes at cell-cell and cell-extracellular matrix adhesion sites, where it is thought to provide a link to the cytoskeleton by interacting with the actin cross-linking protein filamin. Here we have used x-ray crystallography, NMR spectroscopy, and protein-protein interaction studies to investigate the molecular basis of migfilin binding to filamin. We report that the N-terminal portion of migfilin can bind all three human filamins (FLNa, -b, or -c) and that there are multiple migfilin-binding sites in FLNa. Human filamins are composed of an N-terminal actin-binding domain followed by 24 immunoglobulin-like (IgFLN) domains and we find that migfilin binds preferentially to IgFLNa21 and more weakly to IgFLNa19 and -22. The filamin-binding site in migfilin is localized between Pro5 and Pro19 and binds to the CD face of the IgFLNa21 β-sandwich. This interaction is similar to the previously characterized β7 integrin-IgFLNa21 interaction and migfilin and integrin β tails can compete with one another for binding to IgFLNa21. This suggests that competition between filamin ligands for common binding sites on IgFLN domains may provide a general means of modulating filamin interactions and signaling. In this specific case, displacement of integrin tails from filamin by migfilin may provide a mechanism for switching between different integrin-cytoskeleton linkages

Topics: Mechanisms of Signal Transduction
Publisher: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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