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Intraoperative transesophageal two-dimensional echocardiography: a basic vertical plane patient examination sequence.

By T. D. Rafferty and G. Tousignant


We have previously reported a standardized stepwise transesophageal echocardiography transverse plane (monoplane) patient examination sequence suitable for intraoperative use. Biplane transesophageal echocardiography furnishes images of the heart and great vessels in both transverse and vertical planes. This report describes a seven-step vertical plane examination, the completion component of a comprehensive intraoperative biplane evaluation. Each step is illustrated by presentation of a two-dimensional echocardiographic image, a matching diagram and a schematic representation of the corresponding axis of interrogation. Examples of clinical presentations complete the report

Topics: Research Article
Publisher: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
OAI identifier:
Provided by: PubMed Central

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