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Characterization of inhibitor binding sites of mitochondrial complex I using fluorescent inhibitor

By Takara Ino, Takaaki Nishioka and Hideto Miyoshi

Abstract

AbstractRecent progress in complex I research suggests that a wide variety of complex I inhibitors share a common large binding domain with partially overlapping sites. To verify this concept, we carried out real-time displacement tests of a fluorescent ligand with various competitors using a novel quinazoline-type inhibitor (aminoquinazoline, AQ). In the presence of an excess amount of the competitors, the binding of AQ to the enzyme was completely suppressed, being in line with the concept mentioned above. However, AQ bound to the enzyme was not displaced by subsequent addition of an increasing amount of competitors in the concentration range expected from the relative magnitude of the Kd values of AQ and competitors, rather, much higher concentrations of the competitors were needed to displace bound AQ. These results cannot be explained merely by the premise of a common or partially overlapping binding site(s) between AQ and competitors. On the other hand, double-inhibitor titration of steady state complex I activity suggested that additivity of inhibition is not necessarily observed for all pairs of complex I inhibitors. Our results are discussed in light of the cooperativity of the inhibitor binding sites

Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Year: 2003
DOI identifier: 10.1016/S0005-2728(03)00060-4
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