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Connexin26 deafness associated mutations show altered permeability to large cationic molecules

By Gülistan Meşe, Virginijus Valiunas, Peter R. Brink and Thomas W. White

Abstract

Intercellular communication is important for cochlear homeostasis because connexin26 (Cx26) mutations are the leading cause of hereditary deafness. Gap junctions formed by different connexins have unique selectivity to large molecules, so compensating for the loss of one isoform can be challenging in the case of disease causing mutations. We compared the properties of Cx26 mutants T8M and N206S with wild-type channels in transfected cells using dual whole cell voltage clamp and dye flux experiments. Wild-type and mutant channels demonstrated comparable ionic coupling, and their average unitary conductance was ∼106 and ∼60 pS in 120 mM K+-aspartate− and TEA+-aspartate− solution, respectively, documenting their equivalent permeability to K+ and TEA+. Comparison of cAMP, Lucifer Yellow (LY), and ethidium bromide (EtBr) transfer revealed differences in selectivity for larger anionic and cationic tracers. cAMP and LY permeability to wild-type and mutant channels was similar, whereas the transfer of EtBr through mutant channels was greatly reduced compared with wild-type junctions. Altered permeability of Cx26 to large cationic molecules suggests an essential role for biochemical coupling in cochlear homeostasis

Topics: Membrane Transporters, Ion Channels, and Pumps
Publisher: American Physiological Society
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:2575827
Provided by: PubMed Central
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