research10.1016/j.rmcr.2013.03.002

Four cases with group 3 out-of-proportion pulmonary hypertension with a favorable response to vasodilators

Abstract

AbstractSome patients with group 3 pulmonary hypertension (PH) (PH due to lung disease and/or hypoxia) exhibit disproportionately advanced or “out-of-proportion” PH. In the present case series, we document four consecutive patients with progressive out-of-proportion group 3 PH. All patients exhibited progressive dyspnea or peripheral edema and were treated by pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH)-specific vasodilator(s). At the follow-up assessment 3–4 months later, symptoms/signs and pulmonary hemodynamic measurements improved in all four patients (45 ± 8% decrease in pulmonary vascular resistance). Pulmonary oxygenation deteriorated in one patient but improved or did not significantly change in the remaining three cases. Importantly, the background lung parenchymal disease (early-onset chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, rheumatoid arthritis-associated interstitial pneumonia, and combined pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema) was stable upon progression of the right heart failure symptoms/signs, and also during the 3–4-month follow-up period in all cases. We herein describe the clinical features of the four cases and discuss the potential benefits and risks of PAH-specific treatment in this emerging population

Similar works

This paper was published in Elsevier - Publisher Connector .

Having an issue?

Is data on this page outdated, violates copyrights or anything else? Report the problem now and we will take corresponding actions after reviewing your request.