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Imaging and characterizing influenza A virus mRNA transport in living cells

By Wei Wang, Zong-Qiang Cui, Han Han, Zhi-Ping Zhang, Hong-Ping Wei, Ya-Feng Zhou, Ze Chen and Xian-En Zhang


The mechanisms of influenza A virus mRNA intracellular transport are still not clearly understood. Here, we visualized the distribution and transport of influenza A virus mRNA in living cells using molecular beacon (MB) technology. Confocal-FRAP measurements determined that the transport of influenza A virus intronless mRNA, in both nucleus and cytoplasm, was energy dependent, being similar to that of Poly(A)+ RNA. Drug inhibition studies in living cells revealed that the export of influenza A virus mRNA is independent of the CRM1 pathway, while the function of RNA polymerase II (RNAP-II) may be needed. In addition, viral NS1 protein and cellular TAP protein were found associated with influenza A virus mRNA in the cell nucleus. These findings characterize influenza A virus mRNA transport in living cells and suggest that influenza A virus mRNA may be exported from the nucleus by the cellular TAP/p15 pathway with NS1 protein and RNAP-II participation

Topics: RNA
Publisher: Oxford University Press
OAI identifier:
Provided by: PubMed Central

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