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Hindrances to bistable front propagation: application to Wolbachia invasion

By Grégoire Nadin, Martin Strugarek and Nicolas Vauchelet

Abstract

We study the biological situation when an invading population propagates and replaces an existing population with different characteristics. For instance, this may occur in the presence of a vertically transmitted infection causing a cytoplasmic effect similar to the Allee effect (e.g. Wolbachia in Aedes mosquitoes): the invading dynamics we model is bistable. After quantification of the propagules, a second question of major interest is the invasive power. How far can such an invading front go, and what can stop it? We rigorously show that a heterogeneous environment inducing a strong enough population gradient can stop an invading front, which will converge in this case to a stable front. We characterize the critical population jump, and also prove the existence of unstable fronts above the stable (blocking) fronts. Being above the maximal unstable front enables an invading front to clear the obstacle and propagate further. We are particularly interested in the case of artificial Wolbachia infection, used as a tool to fight arboviruses

Topics: 35K57, [ MATH.MATH-AP ] Mathematics [math]/Analysis of PDEs [math.AP]
Publisher: HAL CCSD
Year: 2017
OAI identifier: oai:HAL:hal-01442291v1
Provided by: Hal-Diderot
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