International audienceHOW ‘HISTORIC’ IS THE VICHIAN CIVIL WORLD? The aim of this paper is to discuss the concept of ‘historicity’ in Giambattista Vico’s philosophy. The analysis of the ‘dipintura’ shows that Vico has been misunderstood: he did not discover the historical world as the expression of singular existences and he did not use the hermeneutic method as the scientific method to study the historical world. ‘History’ is the diachrony of ‘mondo civile and the semiotic dimension characterizes it. Consequently, the science that studies it is a meta-semiotics: scientific world cannot indicate the abstract idea beyond language, but the ensemble of the different points of view on the thing. The new science is not scientific (universality) because of destruction of particular perspectives, as Bacon suggested, but collecting them according to what they have in common. Vico’s science is in balance between universalism and particularism
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