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Use of symptoms and signs for diagnosis of Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense trypanosomiasis by rural health personnel

By B. A. Boatin, G. B. Wyatt, F. K. Wurapa and M. K. Bulsara

Abstract

The results are described of a study of 60 patients with sleeping sickness from north-east Zambia together with 60 hospital controls and 27 nearest-neighbour controls. Eight symptoms were significantly commoner among sleeping-sickness patients than among either set of controls, and some of these symptoms were used to devise a scoring system for use by rural medical personnel. Although most patients reported a short history of the illness, almost 90% had abnormal cerebrospinal fluid, and there was a significant tendency for the cerebrospinal fluid of adults with a longer history of sleeping sickness to contain trypanosomes. Enlargement of lymph nodes was significantly more frequent among the patients than among the controls, but often the submandibular, axillary, or inguinal rather than the posterior cervical nodes were enlarged. Signs associated with involvement of the central nervous system were common, but the cheiro-oral reflex was non-specific, also occurring frequently among hospital controls

Topics: Research
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:2490878
Provided by: PubMed Central
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