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Lifestyle analysis: a comparative study between freshman, second and fourth year chiropractic students *

By Philip A Decina, Marion McGregor and Carol Hagino


This study set out to determine whether healthy lifestyle attitudes are different for students in different years of the chiropractic education process. The results of the FANTASTIC Lifestyle Assessment Questionnaire administered to chiropractic students enrolled in first, second and fourth years of study are presented. Significant differences in scores attained were found between the three years of study in question. A minimum sample size (N) of 81 students was used. First year subjects were significantly different from both second year and fourth year subjects’ scores (p = .012 and p < 0.001, respectively). Mean scores decreased with every year of study. The variables ‘year of study’ and ‘age’ had the most pronounced effect on outcome of scores (p < 0.001 and p < 0.001, respectively). Analyses of variance were performed to determine effect of the variables involved. A two-tailed paired t-test was used to check first year students for changes after six months of school. It is still undetermined whether the significant difference in scores between each year of study are due to the year of study, to increasing average age of the classes, or to societal attitudes about wellness. Suggestions for future study are also presented

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