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Catalytic Function of the PR-Set7 Histone H4 Lysine 20 Monomethyltransferase Is Essential for Mitotic Entry and Genomic Stability*S⃞

By Sabrina I. Houston, Kirk J. McManus, Melissa M. Adams, Jennifer K. Sims, Phillip B. Carpenter, Michael J. Hendzel and Judd C. Rice


Histone-modifying enzymes play a critical role in modulating chromatin dynamics. In this report we demonstrate that one of these enzymes, PR-Set7, and its corresponding histone modification, the monomethylation of histone H4 lysine 20 (H4K20), display a distinct cell cycle profile in mammalian cells: low at G1, increased during late S phase and G2, and maximal from prometaphase to anaphase. The lack of PR-Set7 and monomethylated H4K20 resulted in a number of aberrant phenotypes in several different mammalian cell types. These include the inability of cells to progress past G2, global chromosome condensation failure, aberrant centrosome amplification, and substantial DNA damage. By employing a catalytically dead dominant negative PR-Set7 mutant, we discovered that its mono-methyltransferase activity was required to prevent these phenotypes. Importantly, we demonstrate that all of the aberrant phenotypes associated with the loss of PR-Set7 enzymatic function occur independently of p53. Collectively, our findings demonstrate that PR-Set7 enzymatic activity is essential for mammalian cell cycle progression and for the maintenance of genomic stability, most likely by monomethylating histone H4K20. Our results predict that alterations of this pathway could result in gross chromosomal aberrations and aneuploidy

Topics: Transcription, Chromatin, and Epigenetics
Publisher: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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