Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Are cervical multifidus muscles active during whiplash and startle? An initial experimental study

By Gunter P Siegmund, Jean-Sébastien Blouin, Mark G Carpenter, John R Brault and J Timothy Inglis
Topics: Research Article
Publisher: BioMed Central
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:2440751
Provided by: PubMed Central
Download PDF:
Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s):
  • http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.g... (external link)
  • Suggested articles

    Citations

    1. (1988). A: Tensile strength of spinal ligaments. Spine
    2. (1977). AI: Electromyographic signals of the spinal musculature during +Gz impact acceleration. Orthop Clin North Am
    3. (2002). An electromyographic study of low-velocity rear-end impacts. Spine
    4. (1988). Analysis and measurement of neck loads.
    5. (2003). Attenuation of human neck muscle activity following repeated imposed trunk-forward linear acceleration. Exp Brain Res
    6. (1996). Bogduk N: Chronic cervical zygapophysial joint pain after whiplash. A placebo-controlled prevalence study. Spine
    7. (1999). Bogduk N: Long-term follow-up of patients treated with cervical radiofrequency neurotomy for chronic neck pain. Neurosurgery
    8. (1996). Bogduk N: Percutaneous radio-frequency neurotomy for chronic cervical zygapophyseal-joint pain.
    9. (1999). BS: Cervical facet joint mechanics: Its application to whiplash injury (99SC15).
    10. (2000). BS: The cervical facet capsule and its role in whiplash injury: a biomechanical investigation. Spine
    11. (1991). CD: New observations on the normal auditory startle reflex in man. Brain
    12. (1998). Cervical spine vertebral and facet joint kinematics under whiplash.
    13. (1990). Cervical zygapophyseal joint pain patterns. I: A study in normal volunteers. Spine
    14. (1998). Cervicocephalic kinesthetic sensibility, active range of cervical motion, and ocular function in patients with whiplash injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil
    15. (2003). Dizziness and unsteadiness following whiplash injury: characteristic features and relationship with cervical joint position error.
    16. (2001). DJ: Startle response of human neck muscles sculpted by readiness to perform ballistic head movements.
    17. (2005). FA: Effects of abnormal posture on capsular ligament elongations in a computational model subjected to whiplash loading.
    18. (2006). GP: Auditory startle alters the response of human subjects exposed to a single whiplash-like perturbation. Spine
    19. (2007). GP: Neural control of superficial and deep neck muscles in humans.
    20. (2006). GP: Startle responses elicited by whiplash perturbations.
    21. (1994). Gresty MA: Responses in neck and facial muscles to sudden free fall and a startling auditory stimulus. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol
    22. (2006). Influence of maximal muscle strength and intrinsic muscle contractile properties on contractile rate of force development.
    23. (2005). JM: Neurophysiological and biomechanical characterization of goat cervical facet joint capsules.
    24. (2007). JT: Electromyography of superficial and deep neck muscles during isometric, voluntary and reflex contractions.
    25. (2004). JT: Gradation of neck muscle responses and head/neck kinematics to acceleration and speed change in rear-end collisions. Stapp Car Crash J
    26. (2003). JT: Rapid neck muscle adaptation alters the head kinematics of aware and unaware subjects undergoing multiple whiplash-like perturbations.
    27. (1996). Mechanics of feline soleus: I. Effect of fascicle length and velocity on force output.
    28. (1994). Mechanoreceptor endings in human cervical facet joints. Spine
    29. MMGM: Kinetic and kinematic responses of the RID2a, Hybrid III and human volunteers in low-speed rear-end collisions.
    30. (1999). Motion analysis of cervical vertebrae during whiplash loading. Spine
    31. (2001). MP: Comparative histochemical composition of muscle fibres in a pre- and a postvertebral muscle of the cervical spine.
    32. (2002). MP: Muscle spindle distribution, morphology, and density in longus colli and multifidus muscles of the cervical spine. Spine
    33. (2000). Muscle forces and spinal loads at C4/5 level during isometric voluntary efforts. Med Sci Sports Exerc
    34. (1999). Objective motor response onset detection in surface myoelectric signals. Med Eng Phys
    35. (2007). Panjabi MM: Dynamic mechanical properties of intact human cervical spine ligaments. The Spine Journal
    36. (2004). Panjabi MM: Facet joint kinematics and injury mechanisms during simulated whiplash. Spine
    37. (2001). Precise onset detection of human motor responses using a whitening filter and the log-likelihoodratio test.
    38. (2001). SL: Three-dimensional isometric strength of neck muscles in humans. Spine
    39. (1992). Some observations on whiplash injuries. Neurol Clin
    40. (1997). TA: Head/neck kinematic response of human subjects in lowspeed rear-end collisions.
    41. (1998). TM: The influence of strain rate on the passive and stimulated engineering stress – large strain behavior of the rabbit tibialis anterior muscle.
    42. (2005). Vasavada AN: Morphology, architecture, and biomechanics of human cervical multifidus. Spine
    43. (2006). VS: A technique for dynamic tensile testing of human cervical spine ligaments. Experimental Mechanics
    44. (2004). Winkelstein BA: A novel rodent neck pain model of facet-mediated behavioral hypersensitivity: implications for persistent pain and whiplash injury.
    45. (2000). Winkelstein BA: Human cervical motion segment flexibility and facet capsular ligament strain under combined posterior shear, extension and axial compression. Stapp Car Crash Journal

    To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.