oaioai:elaba:1839045

Nursing problems and their alternation in patients with the burns

Abstract

Object of the research - to investigate the nursing problems and their alternation in patients with burns. Goals of the research: 1. To investigate the nursing problems and their alternation of patients with minor, moderate and major burns. 2. To investigate the dependency upon the degree of burn trauma and the nursing problems. 3. To prepare practical recommendations. Methods of the research. The research was carried on from July, 2006 to February, 2007 in the Clinic of Plastic Reconstruction and Surgery in Kaunas Medical University Hospital. 3 groups of patients with minor, moderate and major traumas participated in the research. There were 107 respondents. The research was carried on in two stages: the questioning after 10 and 17 days of burn trauma. The interview was anonymous with the response rate of 85,7 per. Conclusions. During the first and the second interviews the patients with minor burn trauma complained about pain and uneasiness before bedtime, lack of feeding, painful walking. Evaluating the alternation in nursing problems it was found out that the patients more often complained about rapid urination in the first part of questioning and about constipation in the second part. During the first and the second interviews the patients with moderate burn traumas complained about pain and uneasiness before bedtime, fever and lack of extra feeding. Evaluating a change of problems, it was found out that in the first part of questioning the patients more often complained about fever, inability in changing clothes and moving, while in the second part of questioning - more about scabbiness. During the first and the second interviews patients with major traumas complained about pain and uneasiness before bedtime, fever, inability to walk because of pain and dizziness, lack of extra feeding, inability to make a wash independently. In the first part of questioning most of the patients were not able to use toilet without help and they needed artificial feeding. While in the second part of questioning the larger part of the respondents complained about dry skin and scabbiness. It was concluded that nursing problems of patients with burn depend on the level of the trauma: the amount of nursing problems increases with the complexity of burn trauma. Nursing recommendations have been prepared

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oaioai:elaba:1839045Last time updated on 4/19/2017

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