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Glomerular CD34 Expression in Short- and Long-term Diabetes

By Luz Marina Acevedo, Irene Londono, Malika Oubaha, Lucian Ghitescu and Moise Bendayan


Aging and diabetes are associated with exacerbated expression of adhesion molecules. Given their importance in endothelial dysfunction and their possible involvement in the alteration of glomerular permeability occurring in diabetes, we have evaluated expression of the sialomucin-type adhesion molecule CD34 in renal glomerular cells of normal and diabetic animals at two different ages by colloidal gold immunocytochemistry and immunoblotting. CD34 labeling was mostly assigned to the plasma membranes of glomerular endothelium and mesangial processes. Podocyte membranes were also labeled, but to a lesser degree. Short- and long-term diabetes triggers a substantial increase in immunogold labeling for CD34 in renal tissues compared with young normoglycemic animals. However, the level of labeling in old diabetic and healthy control rats is similar, suggesting that the effect of diabetes and aging on CD34 expression is similar but not synergistic. Western blotting of isolated glomerular fractions corroborated immunocytochemical results. Increased expression of CD34 may reflect its involvement in the pathogenesis of glomerular alterations related to age and diabetes. Alterations present in early diabetes, resembling those occurring with age, strengthen the concept that diabetes is an accelerated form of aging.(J Histochem Cytochem 56:605–614, 2008

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Publisher: Histochemical Society
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