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The thought patterns observed during the performance of sports activities: The relationships between changes in performance and mood

Abstract

The purposes of this study are (1) to subdivide the categories of thought involved in the execution of fine motor skills,(2) to capture the range of individual patterns,and (3) to examine their charteristics from the perspectives of various influences and functions. The participants were required to think aloud while undertaking a dart-throwing task. The results reveal seven categories of thought. Subsequent cluster analysis of the occurrence ratios of these thought categories identified five patterns: stable type,task-concentration type,unstable type,concentration-difficulties type,and self-control type. Moreover,a Kruskal-Wallis Test was conducted to examine the features of these patterns,but the results did not indicate any changes in performance or emotional states due these thought patterns. These findings suggest that,in order to comprehend the functions of thought during task execution,it is necessary to interpret them in terms of the meanings and experiences of the individual

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This paper was published in Tsukuba Repository.

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