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High-resolution genome-wide allelotype analysis identifies loss of chromosome 14q as a recurrent genetic alteration in astrocytic tumours

By J Hu, JC-s Pang, CY-k Tong, B Lau, X-l Yin, W-S Poon, C-C Jiang, L-F Zhou and H-K Ng


Diffusely infiltrative astrocytic tumours are the most common neoplasms in the human brain. To localise putative tumour suppressor loci that are involved in low-grade astrocytomas, we performed high-resolution genome-wide allelotype analysis on 17 fibrillary astrocytomas. Non-random allelic losses were identified on chromosomal arms 10p (29%), 10q (29%), 14q (35%), 17p (53%), and 19q (29%), with their respective common regions of deletions delineated at 10p14-15.1, 10q25.1-qter, 14q212.2-qer, 17p11.2-pter and 19q12-13.4. These results suggest that alterations of these chromosomal regions play important roles in the development of astrocytoma. We also allelotyped 21 de novo glioblastoma multiforme with an aim to unveil genetic changes that are common to both types of astrocytic tumours. Non-random allelic losses were identified on 9p (67%), 10p (62%), 10q (76%), 13q (60%), 14q (50%), and 17p (65%). Allelic losses of 10p, 10q, 14q and 17p were common genetic alterations detectable in both fibrillary astrocytomas and glioblastoma multiforme. In addition, two common regions of deletions on chromosome 14 were mapped to 14q22.3-32.1 and 14q32.1-qter, suggesting the presence of two putative tumour suppressor genes. In conclusion, our comprehensive allelotype analysis has unveiled several critical tumour suppressor loci that are involved in the development of fibrillary astrocytomas and glioblastoma multiforme. Although these two types of brain tumours are believed to evolve from different genetic pathways, they do share some common genetic changes. Our results indicate that deletions of chromosome 14q is a recurrent genetic event in the development of astrocytoma and highlight the subchromosomal regions on this chromosome that are likely to contain putative tumour suppressor genes involved in the oncogenesis of astrocytic tumours

Topics: Genetics and Genomics
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
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Provided by: PubMed Central

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