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Mechanisms of binding of cutaneous lymphocyte-associated antigen-positive and αeβ7-positive lymphocytes to oral and skin keratinocytes

By D W Brown, J Furness, P M Speight, G J Thomas, J Li, M H Thornhill and P M Farthing

Abstract

Intraepithelial lymphocytes (IEL) utilize the integrin αeβ7 on their surface to bind to E-cadherin on epithelial cells in the gut and breast. In oral mucosa and skin IEL express αeβ7 and the cutaneous lymphocyte-associated antigen (CLA) but the mechanisms of adhesion of these subsets to keratinocytes are unknown. Levels of αeβ7 and CLA were up-regulated on peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) by transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) and interleukin-12 (IL-12), respectively, and both groups of lymphocytes adhered onto oral and skin keratinocytes. Adhesion of IL-12-activated PBL was totally abolished by anti-lymphocyte-associated function antigen type 1 (anti-LFA-1) antibodies but was unaffected by anti-αeβ7 antibodies indicating that adhesion of the CLA-positive subset is mediated via LFA-1 interaction with intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1). Adhesion of TGF-β-activated PBL to E-cadherin-positive oral and skin keratinocytes was partially inhibited by anti-αeβ7 antibodies but was unaffected by the blocking antibody E4.6 against E-cadherin which detects the binding site for αeβ7-positive lymphocytes in breast and gut epithelium. TGF-β-activated PBL also bound to an E-cadherin-negative oral keratinocyte cell line and adhesion was inhibited by anti-αeβ7 antibodies. These results strongly suggest that in oral epithelium and epidermis αeβ7-positive lymphocytes do not bind to E-cadherin and there may be a novel second ligand for the αeβ7 integrin

Topics: Original Articles
Publisher: Blackwell Science Inc
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:2326903
Provided by: PubMed Central
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