OHE Oral Health Education OHI-S Oral Hygiene Index-Simplified OHRQoL Oral Health-Related Quality of Life


Background: The global burden of oral disease and risk behavior is concentrated in underprivileged and poor populations. HPS programs are promising methods for promoting health, including oral health. Objective: The present thesis aimed to collect information about the oral health status, oral health behavior, and oral health-related quality of life among school students and to use this information to implement and evaluate an HPS program that was directed at improving oral health, thereby reducing social inequalities among school adolescents in Arusha, northern Tanzania. Methods: The data in survey I (Papers I–IV) were collected in Arusha, from secondary school adolescents aged 12–21 years at baseline in 2009 and during a follow-up in 2011. Oral health education and demonstrations, wall posters, and the provision of toothbrushes were part of the HPS initiative implemented in April 2010, which was evaluated during March–May 2011. The data in Survey II (part of Paper III) were collected during 2005–2006 in Dar es Salaam from 1601 final year primary school pupils aged 12–14 years. Data were collected using a questionnaire and by clinical oral examinations. Results: In Paper I, 49.8 % of boys and 46.8 % of girls reported at least on

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