Presentation and Explanation of a Motivational Model Based on Spirituality of Personnel: A Study of University of Tehran


Motivation at work can be described as a group of internal and external forces which determine start, form, direction, intensity and duration of a work behavior. Also motivation at work is the consequence of intertwining personal characteristics, work nature and the properties of work environment. The present work is a relatively comprehensive model in personnel’s motivation which considers different biological, social, psychological and spiritual aspects of a person in an organization and has been designed and explained as ‘a motivational model based on personnel’s spirituality’. This model consists of four aspects of super-personal, intrapersonal, interpersonal and extra-personal together with their markers which lead to spirituality. Also the four mentioned relations bring about meaningful work, purposeful work, self-actualization at work and integration into everything at work and natural environments. Finally each of them will affect personnel’s motivation at work. According to the research carried out on staff of University of Tehran, in order to test research theories, using path analysis and factor analysis methods, the staff believed that interpersonal and extra-personal relations affected their motivation at work. However, in their views there was not any relationship between super-personal and intrapersonal relations and their motivation at work

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