Fatty acyl-CoAs participate in numerous cellular processes. This article describes a method for the quantitation of subpicomole amounts of long-chain and very-long-chain fatty acyl-CoAs by reverse-phase LC combined with electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry in positive ion mode with odd-chain-length fatty acyl-CoAs as internal standards. This method is applicable to a wide range of species [at least myristoyl- (C14:0-) to cerotoyl- (C26:0-) CoA] in modest numbers of cells in culture (∼106–107), with analyses of RAW264.7 cells and MCF7 cells given as examples. Analysis of these cells revealed large differences in fatty acyl-CoA amounts (12 ± 1.0 pmol/106 RAW264.7 cells vs. 80.4 ± 6.1 pmol/106 MCF7 cells) and subspecies distribution. Very-long-chain fatty acyl-CoAs with alkyl chain lengths > C20 constitute <10% of the total fatty acyl-CoAs of RAW264.7 cells versus >50% for MCF7 cells, which somewhat astonishingly contain approximately as much C24:0- and C26:0-CoAs as C16:0- and C18:0-CoAs and essentially equal amounts of C26:1- and C18:1-CoAs. This simple and robust method should facilitate the inclusion of this family of compounds in “lipidomics” and “metabolomics” studies
To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.