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PLANT CULTURE Symbolism of plants: examples from European-Mediterranean culture presented with biology and history of art

By Riklef K and Wolfram R. Ullrich


In northern countries only few wild plants flower in November, but the gradually drying stems of the chicory plant persist even in cold winters. The piercing blue flowers appear from late spring right through to late autumn and the strong, deep perennial roots and the flat leaf rosettes protect the plant through the winter. No wonder that chicory was a symbol of perseverance and endless waiting as well as a protector of the martyrs in the Christian Middle Ages. It is also valued as a food and as a remedy

Topics: Biology
Year: 2016
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