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Occupied Palestinian Territory

By Lina Eklund, Lina Eklund and Ulrik Mårtensson

Abstract

The Palestinian Territory has since 1967 been occupied by Israel. Following a large number of disturbances as protests to the occupation, Israel has imposed mobility restrictions for Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza. The mobility is regulated by for example checkpoints, roadblocks and earth mounds. In 2002, Israel started to build a concrete wall around and inside the Palestinian Territory of the West Bank, opposing international law and human rights. The restricted mobility is affecting the accessibility for the Palestinian people. The term accessibility means in this context the ability for people to reach certain geographical locations that might be of importance, such as health care facilities. This study aims at assessing, quantifying and documenting the present accessibility status to general hospitals by using a GIS-based model that includes information on the roads system, hospitals and Israeli physical obstructions across the West Bank. When talking about accessibility to health care, the time it takes to reach the facility is in many cases more important than distance and therefore, accessibility is in this study measured by time. Data on road speeds was collected from speed measurements and data on delay at checkpoints was collected b

Topics: Bank, Occupied Palestinian Territory
Year: 2010
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:10.1.1.1014.5575
Provided by: CiteSeerX
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