Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal Iran Red Crescent Med J 2011; 13(3):219-220 ©Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal LETTER TO THE EDITOR A Case of Non-Fatal Oleander Poisoning

Abstract

We present a case of non-fatal poisoning with olean-der decoction in a 24-year-old pregnant woman. Nerium oleander, an evergreen ornamental plant, na-tive in the Mediterranean, is cultivated worldwide particularly in warm temperate and subtropical areas. Elsewhere, where the shrub is not frost-tolerant, e.g. in Central and Western Europe, it may be grown as a conservatory plant.1 The plant is grown throughout Iran and is more common in eastern and southern provinces.2 Application of oleander as a pharmaceuti-cal product, rodenticide, and insecticide has been widely recognized.3,4 Parts of the plant can be in-gested accidentally or used in suicidal attempts, lead-ing to oleander poisoning, with gastrointestinal symp-toms (nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea

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