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Evidence for Involvement of Copper Ions and Redox State in Regulation of Butane Monooxygenase in Pseudomonas butanovora▿

By D. M. Doughty, E. G. Kurth, L. A. Sayavedra-Soto, D. J. Arp and P. J. Bottomley


Pseudomonas butanovora possesses an alcohol-inducible alkane monooxygenase, butane monooxygenase (BMO), that initiates growth on C2-C9 alkanes. A lacZ transcriptional reporter strain, P. butanovora bmoX::lacZ, in which the BMO promoter controls the expression of β-galactosidase activity, was used to show that 1-butanol induced the BMO promoter in the presence or absence of O2 when lactate-grown, BMO-repressed cells were washed free of lactate and incubated in NH4Cl-KNa phosphate buffer. In contrast, when lactate-grown cells of the reporter strain were incubated in phosphate buffer containing the mineral salts of standard growth medium, 1-butanol-dependent induction was significantly repressed at low O2 (1 to 2% [vol/vol]) and totally repressed under anoxic conditions. The repressive effect of the mineral salts was traced to its copper content. In cells exposed to 1% (vol/vol) O2, CuSO4 (0.5 μM) repressed 1-butanol-dependent induction of β-galactosidase activity. Under oxic conditions (20% O2 [vol/vol]), significantly higher concentrations of CuSO4 (2 μM) were required for almost complete repression of induction in lactate-grown cells. A combination of the Cu2+ reducing agent Na ascorbate (100 μM) and CuSO4 (0.5 μM) repressed the induction of β-galactosidase activity under oxic conditions to the same extent that 0.5 μM CuSO4 alone repressed it under anoxic conditions. Under oxic conditions, 2 μM CuSO4 repressed induction of the BMO promoter less effectively in butyrate-grown cells of the bmoX::lacZ strain and of an R8-bmoX::lacZ mutant reporter strain with a putative BMO regulator, BmoR, inactivated. Under anoxic conditions, CuSO4 repression remained highly effective, regardless of the growth substrate, in both BmoR-positive and -negative reporter strains

Topics: Physiology and Metabolism
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology (ASM)
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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