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Improving the Cost-effectiveness of Ecosystem Management: An Application to Waterfowl Production

By Benjamin S. Rashford, Richard and M. Adams


Species conservation is an important global policy issue. The design of cost-effective species conserva-tion programs requires resource managers to choose from a suite of conservation activities and sites. This article determines cost-effective conservation strategies for waterfowl using a bioeconomic mod-eling framework, which is developed using a biological simulation model for waterfowl and regression analysis. The model accounts for (a) a broad range of land-use and direct wildlife conservation activ-ities, (b) the effect of landscape heterogeneity, and (c) interactions between conservation activities. Results indicate that accounting for the three factors listed above can improve the cost-effectiveness of waterfowl conservation on agricultural land. Key words: cost minimization, simulation, waterfowl, wildlife management. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-8276.2007.00984.x Wildlife and their habitat play a critical role in the provision of many ecosystem services, such as soil protection and pest control, in addition to providing consumptive and pas-sive benefits. In recognition of these values, species conservation is an important global policy issue. A common goal for species con-servation programs is to minimize the cost of achieving species population objectives, be-cause cost-effective1 conservation ultimately allows higher levels of conservation to be achieved (Wu, Adams, and Boggess 2000). To design cost-effective species conserva-tion programs, a wildlife manager must choose a portfolio of activities from a potentially large suite of conservation activities and conserva-tion sites (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 1996). Two issues complicate this decision: (a) biolog-ical response and economic costs vary acros

Year: 2007
DOI identifier: 10.1111/j.1467-8276.2007.00984.x
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