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mVOC: a database of microbial volatiles

By Marie Chantal Lemfack, Janette Nickel, Mathias Dunkel, Robert Preissner and Birgit Piechulla


Scents are well known to be emitted from flowers and animals. In nature, these volatiles are respon-sible for inter- and intra-organismic communication, e.g. attraction and defence. Consequently, they in-fluence and improve the establishment of organisms and populations in ecological niches by acting as single compounds or in mixtures. Despite the known wealth of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from species of the plant and animal kingdom, in the past, less attention has been focused on volatiles of microorganisms. Although fast and affordable sequencing methods facilitate the detection of microbial diseases, however, the analysis of signature or fingerprint volatiles will be faster and easier. Microbial VOCs (mVOCs) are pres-ently used as marker to detect human diseases, food spoilage or moulds in houses. Furthermore, mVOCs exhibited antagonistic potential against pathogens in vitro, but their biological roles in the ecosystems remain to be investigated. Information on volatile emission from bacteria and fungi is pres-ently scattered in the literature, and no public and up-to-date collection on mVOCs is available. To address this need, we have developed mVOC, a database available online a

Year: 2014
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