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Community Medicine,

By Nkpsims&amp and Digdoh Hills

Abstract

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading cause of death globally. Of the 57 million global deaths in 2008, 36 million (63%) were due to NCDs, principally cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancers, and chronic respiratory diseases.The poor dietary quality (in particular, high salt intake, high saturated and trans-fatty acid intake, and low fruit and vegetable consumption) and insufficient physical activity are key risk factors for NCD development and mortality worldwide and are considered priority areas for international action. Among the 340 study subjects who contributed for their investigations were included in this study 282 (82.9%) were females. The majority of 202 (52.9%) were from age of 30-49 years which are the years of social and economical productivity. Majority 228 (67.5%) were from socioeconomic status (SES II & III) which is a essential feature of urban life.Prevalence of tobacco use was 14.41 % and of alcohol was 3.8%. Physical inactivity was reported by 61.1%. Only 27.4 % and 22.1 % of subjects were consuming adequate portions of fruits and vegetables respectively. Prevalenceof obesity, hypertension, diabetes, and hypothyroidism was 57.64 % 4, 38%, 2.9 % and 20 % respectively

Topics: Non-communicable diseases, Camp approach, STEP approach, Obesity, Diabetes mellitus, Hypothyroidism. 340
Year: 2016
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:10.1.1.1003.7987
Provided by: CiteSeerX
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