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RE-ACCELERATION OF NON-THERMAL PARTICLES AT WEAK COSMOLOGICAL SHOCK WAVES

By Hyesung Kang and Dongsu Ryu

Abstract

We examine diffusive shock acceleration (DSA) of the pre-existing as well as freshly injected populations of non-thermal, cosmic-ray (CR) particles at weak cosmological shocks. Assuming simple models for thermal leakage injection and Alfvenic drift, we derive analytic, time-dependent solutions for the two populations of CRs accelerated in the test-particle regime. We then compare them with the results from kinetic DSA simulations for shock waves that are expected to form in intracluster media and cluster outskirts in the course of large-scale structure formation. We show that the test-particle solutions provide a good approximation for the pressure and spectrum of CRs accelerated at these weak shocks. Since the injection is extremely inefficient at weak shocks, the pre-existing CR population dominates over the injected population. If the pressure due to pre-existing CR protons is about 5% of the gas thermal pressure in the upstream flow, the downstream CR pressure can absorb typically a few to 10% of the shock ram pressure at shocks with a Mach number M less than or similar to 3, yet the re-acceleration of CR electrons can result in a substantial synchrotron emission behind the shock. The enhancement in synchrotron radiation across the shock is estimated to be about a few to several for M similar to 1.5 and 10(2)-10(3) for M similar to 3, depending on the detail model parameters. The implication of our findings for observed bright radio relics is discussedopen261

Topics: acceleration of particles, cosmic rays, galaxies: clusters: general, shock waves
Publisher: 'IOP Publishing'
Year: 2015
DOI identifier: 10.1088/0004-637X/734/1/18
OAI identifier: oai:scholarworks.unist.ac.kr:201301/16355
Provided by: ScholarWorks@UNIST
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