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2006), “State Weakness in Developing Countries and Strategies of Institutional Reform – Operational Implications of Anti-Corruption Policy and a Case Study of

By Mushtaq Husain Khan and Hazel Gray

Abstract

State weakness is a critical factor constraining development in all poorly performing developing countries and is particularly evident in Africa. The recent concern with accelerating African economic development has raised once again in a very powerful way the question of the governance reform priorities for Africa. Economists addressing this question have broadly divided into two camps. On the one hand is the very influential argument coming from Jeffrey Sachs and his associates (Sachs, et al. 2004), which argues that the specific characteristics of Africa in terms of low population density, vast areas, poor infrastructure and the prevalence of difficult diseases makes many of the conventional governance arguments irrelevant. What Africa requires, according to this argument is a “big push ” in terms of massive investment in infrastructure and disease control before attention to governance can have any meaning. On the other hand, the mainstream opinion as expressed for instance in the Commission for Africa (2005), argues that conventional concerns with corruption, accountability and rule of law are critical for improving the capacity of African states to deliver to their people. According to this view, these governanc

Year: 2016
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:10.1.1.1000.9364
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