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Molecular correlates of the calcium-independent, depolarization-activated K+ currents in rat atrial myocytes

By Elias Bou-Abboud and Jeanne M Nerbonne


In adult rat atrial myocytes, three kinetically distinct Ca2+-independent depolarization-activated outward K+ currents, IK,fast, IK,slow and Iss, have been separated and characterized.To test directly the hypothesis that different voltage-dependent K+ channel (Kv channel) α subunits underlie rat atrial IK,fast, IK,slow and Iss, the effects of antisense oligodeoxynucleotides (AsODNs) targeted against the translation start sites of the Kv α subunits Kv1.2, Kv1.5, Kv4.2, Kv4.3, Kv2.1 and KvLQT1 were examined.Control experiments on heterologously expressed Kv α subunits revealed that each AsODN is selective for the subunit against which it was targeted.Peak outward K+ currents were attenuated significantly in rat atrial myocytes exposed to AsODNs targeted against Kv4.2, Kv1.2 and Kv1.5, whereas AsODNs targeted against Kv2.1, Kv4.3 and KvLQT1 were without effects.No measurable effects on inwardly rectifying K+ currents (IK1) were observed in atrial cells exposed to any of the Kv α subunit AsODNs.Kinetic analysis of the currents evoked during long (10 s) depolarizing voltage steps revealed that AsODNs targeted against Kv4.2, Kv1.2 and Kv1.5 selectively attenuate rat atrial IK,fast, IK,slow and Iss, respectively, thus demonstrating that the molecular correlates of rat atrial IK,fast, IK,slow and Iss are distinct.The lack of effect of the Kv4.3 AsODNs on peak outward K+ currents reveals that Kv4.2 and Kv4.3 do not heteromultimerize in rat atria in vivo. In addition, the finding that Kv1.2 and Kv1.5 contribute to distinct K+ currents in rat atrial myocytes demonstrates that Kv1.2 and Kv1.5 also do not associate in rat atria in vivo

Topics: Original Articles
Publisher: Blackwell Science Inc
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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