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Lung granulomatous response induced by infection with the intestinal nematode Nippostrongylusbrasiliensis is suppressed in mast cell-deficient Ws/Ws rats

By N ARIZONO, M NISHIDA, R UCHIKAWA, M YAMADA, S MATSUDA, T TEGOSHI, Y KITAMURA and M SASABE

Abstract

Certain nematode infections induce eosinophil infiltration and granulomatous responses in the lungs. To examine the role of mast cells in the development of lung lesions, normal +/+ and genetically mast cell-deficient Ws/Ws rats were infected with the nematode Nippostrongylusbrasiliensis. In +/+ rats, numbers of eosinophils in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) increased significantly 3–7 days after infection, and granulomatous responses composed of histiocytes/macrophages and multinucleate giant cells were triggered in the lungs 3–14 days after infection. Challenge infection, which was carried out on day 28 after primary infection, induced much higher levels of granulomatous response than after primary infection, suggesting that the response is mediated at least in part by an immunological mechanism. In Ws/Ws rats, both the eosinophil percentage in BALF and the size of the granulomas in the lungs were significantly smaller than in +/+ rats after primary as well as after challenge infection. The amount of rat mast cell protease (RMCP) II in +/+ rat BALF was increased 1 day after primary infection and more significantly after challenge infection, suggesting that lung mucosal mast cells were activated more markedly after the challenge infection. In Ws/Ws rats, RMCP II was undetectable throughout the observation period. The time course of nematode migration in the lungs did not differ in +/+ and Ws/Ws rats. These results suggest that mast cell activation might be relevant to eosinophil infiltration and granulomatous response in the lungs, although the responses do not affect lung migration of the nematode

Topics: Original Articles
Publisher: Blackwell Science Inc
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:2200549
Provided by: PubMed Central
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