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O Pensamento filosófico judaico em al-Andalus

Abstract

Iniciada em diálogo com o pensamento helenístico no século I da Era Cristã, a filosofia desenvolveu-se entre os judeus durante a Idade Média sob o domínio político islâmico. O hebraico foi durante séculos um idioma de oração e não dispunha de termos apropriados para traduzir as ideias da filosofia de origem grega. Por isso, até o século treze a filosofia judaica foi quase que exclusivamente redigida em árabe. Migrou do Oriente para o Ocidente e, particularmente, em al-Andalus teve um desenvolvimento muito expressivo em virtude dos esforços do Califado de Córdoba e também na fase seguinte, pelo estímulo de alguns reinos separados (Tawâ'if).Initiated by Philo of Alexandria at the 1st century of Christian Age in dialogue with Hellenistic thought, philosophy was developed among the Jewish during the Middle Age in territories under Islamic political power and for many centuries it was written in Arabic. Hebrew was a language used for prayer, and for centuries, it did not have appropriate words to translate the concepts of Greek philosophy. For this reason, until the 13th century Jewish philosophy was written almost exclusively in Arabic. It migrated from Orient to Occident and, especially in al-Andalus, it had a very expressive development, through the efforts of the Caliphate of Cordoba and in the next period too, with the support of some of the separate kingdoms (Tawâ'if)

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This paper was published in Diposit Digital de Documents de la UAB.

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