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Nuclear actin and myosin as control elements in nucleocytoplasmic transport



Fluorescence redistribution after photobleaching (FRAP) was used to examine the role of actin and myosin in the transport of dextrans through the nuclear pore complex. Anti-actin antibodies added to isolated rat liver nuclei significantly reduced the flux rate of fluorescently labeled 64-kD dextrans. The addition of 3 mM ATP to nuclei, which enhances the flux rate in control nuclei by approximately 250%, had no enhancement effect in the presence of either anti-actin or anti-myosin antibody. Phalloidin (10 microM) and cytochalasin D (1 micrograms/ml) individually inhibited the ATP stimulation of transport. Rabbit serum, anti-fibronectin, and anti-lamins A and C antibodies had no effect on transport. These results suggest a model for nuclear transport in which actin/myosin are involved in an ATP-dependent process that alters the effective transport rate across the nuclear pore complex

Topics: Articles
Publisher: The Rockefeller University Press
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Provided by: PubMed Central

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