A methotrexate (MTX)-resistant murine lymphoblastoid cell line has been obtained by serial passage in increasing concentrations of MTX which is greater than 100,000-fold resistant to MTX (L5178YR) and has dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) levels 300-fold higher than the parental line. The L5178YR cell line synthesizes approximately 10-11% of its total soluble cell protein as DHFR regardless of growth phase, as measured by direct immunoprecipitation with a monospecific antiserum. Molecular hybridization of a purified [3H]DNA probe complimentary to DHFR specific mRNA with cellular DNA and RNA indicates that DHFR coding sequences are elevated several hundred fold in both nucleic acid species in the mutant cell line. Giemsa-banding studies of the diploid mutant line indicate the presence of a large homogeneously staining region on chromosome No. 2. In situ molecular hybridization studies indicate that the DHFR genes are localized in this homogeneously staining region. The homogeneously staining region probably consists of tandom repeats of a basic segment approximately 800 kilo base pairs long
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