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Dropwise Condensation of Low Surface Tension Fluids on Omniphobic Surfaces

By Konrad Rykaczewski, Adam T. Paxson, Matthew Staymates, Marlon L. Walker, Xiaoda Sun, Sushant Anand, Siddarth Srinivasan, Gareth H. McKinley, Jeff Chinn, John Henry J. Scott and Kripa K. Varanasi

Abstract

Compared to the significant body of work devoted to surface engineering for promoting dropwise condensation heat transfer of steam, much less attention has been dedicated to fluids with lower interfacial tension. A vast array of low-surface tension fluids such as hydrocarbons, cryogens, and fluorinated refrigerants are used in a number of industrial applications, and the development of passive means for increasing their condensation heat transfer coefficients has potential for significant efficiency enhancements. Here we investigate condensation behavior of a variety of liquids with surface tensions in the range of 12 to 28 mN/m on three types of omniphobic surfaces: smooth oleophobic, re-entrant superomniphobic, and lubricant-impregnated surfaces. We demonstrate that although smooth oleophobic and lubricant-impregnated surfaces can promote dropwise condensation of the majority of these fluids, re-entrant omniphobic surfaces became flooded and reverted to filmwise condensation. We also demonstrate that on the lubricant-impregnated surfaces, the choice of lubricant and underlying surface texture play a crucial role in stabilizing the lubricant and reducing pinning of the condensate. With properly engineered surfaces to promote dropwise condensation of low-surface tension fluids, we demonstrate a four to eight-fold improvement in the heat transfer coefficient.National Science Foundation (U.S.). Graduate Research Fellowship ProgramNational Science Foundation (U.S.) (CAREER Award 0952564)MIT Energy Initiativ

Publisher: 'Springer Science and Business Media LLC'
Year: 2013
DOI identifier: 10.1038/srep04158
OAI identifier: oai:dspace.mit.edu:1721.1/87590
Provided by: DSpace@MIT
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