Male inbred Fischer rats were fed phenobarbitone-Na at a level of 500 parts/10(6) in the diet for 1 week, followed by 1000 parts 10(6) for 103 weeks at which time the survivors were killed. Thirty-three treated rats survived to 80 weeks. Before 80 weeks, no animals showed hyperplastic lesions. Of the 33 rats surviving 80 weeks and more, 11 had foci of nodular hyperplasia. These foci were usually small, but one animal killed at 102 weeks had a lesion of 0.75 cm diameter, which compressed the surrounding liver. In one case was evidence of local invasion or metastasis found. All the livers had evidence of parenchymal cell damage. No evidence of nodular hyperplasia was found in the controls. It is concluded that there is no evidence to suggest that phenobarbitone-Na induced neoplasm in the liver of male Fischer rats
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