This study sought to understand how college enrollment strategies function within two particular school environments, given that schools serve an essential function in preparing students for postsecondary plans (Ballantine & Spade, 2015). When compared to New York City public school averages, the two case study schools are exceptional in that they demonstrate very high rates of college-going among low-income and minority students. Using constant comparative analysis and a multiple case approach, this study found that the schools achieved high rates of college enrollment through taking a responsibility-centered approach to guiding students toward college options and the college and financial aid application processes; through cultivating a college-going culture within the schools; and through leveraging external resources available through affiliated nonprofit and for-profit organizations. In order to achieve these high rates of college enrollment, the schools used purposeful college enrollment strategies to positively impact rates of college attendance (Bettinger et al., 2007; Engberg & Wolniak, 2010, p. 27; Gladieux, 2004; Hill, 2008; Holland & Farmer-Hinton, 2009; McDonough, 1997; Perna et al., 2008a; Terenzini, Cabrera, & Bernal, 2001). These college enrollment strategies emphasized student attendance at higher education institutions that require low out-of-pocket costs. Findings suggest an important relationship between school-based college enrollment strategies and college enrollment outcomes
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