In October 2004, operating department practice (ODP) was the first additional profession to be included in the newly formed Health Professions Council (HPC). This final step towards formal regulation, established ODPs as professionals, and yet there still remains a disputed boundary with the Nursing profession, within the bounds of peri-operative care. A literature review showed instances of ODPs and theatre-based nurses who expressed unfounded and critical views, regarding the others profession. Much of the criticism of ODP followed the premise that Nursing was the caring profession, whilst that of ODP, was of a more technical nature. The considerable established history of the Nursing profession has leant to a significantly more developed framework of research and evidence-based practice that has helped to shape the way Nursing is perceived as a profession, from both within and without. There is however, comparatively little available research, generated by the ODP profession. Given that the governing bodies of both professions advocate continued professional development, evidence-based practice and the sharing of knowledge, research and appraisal has a vital role to play in the development of peri-operative practice. This article proposes that active utilisation of research, and the development of demonstrable evidence-based practice, would serve to benefit all peri-operative practitioners and improve clinical effectiveness across a wide spectrum. In addition to personal and professional development; transparency and the sharing of knowledge may help to unite the two professions, and perhaps dispel the unfounded judgements that are often present in the workplace. \u
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