Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

HIV/AIDS education in Kenya: an evaluation of policy, provision and practice in secondary schools

By Jane Mururi Ngarari


One of the key responses to the HIV/AIDS crisis has been the provision of School- based HIV/AIDS education, to try and improve teenagers’ ability to make wise and sensible decisions regarding their behaviours. The interventions have been premised on links between education and behaviour, the underlying assumption being that teaching young people how to protect themselves from HIV can lead to a reduction in risk behaviour and hence a reduction in HIV incidence (UNAIDS, 1997). An important part of this process has been the development of an education sector policy on HIV and AIDS, aimed at implementing and effecting, among others, the policy goal of Prevention. This study, with the use of a systems theory as a theoretical framework, examines the policy, provision and practice of HIV/AIDS education in secondary schools in Kenya with the view to informing policy and providing options for re-designing and scaling up (if necessary) the HIV/AIDS program. A methodology combining literature review, semi- structured interviews and a school survey was adopted. The school survey covered students, teachers and Head teachers; while the semi structured interviews covered policy makers. Results revealed that there are discordances between national HIV/AIDS policy rhetoric and school realities. There is a general failure of schools to implement the type of detailed HIV/AIDS policy described despite the fact that the demand is high. Although there are merits that the study did not cover a wide enough population to warrant the generalizations it makes, the research findings and recommendations that do exist from previous investigations largely confirm rather than refute these results

Topics: LB1603 Secondary Education. High schools, RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine, LG Individual institutions (Asia. Africa)
Year: 2010
OAI identifier:

Suggested articles


  1. (1999). Children and HIV/AIDS,
  2. (2001). Classroom Interaction in Kenyan Primary Schools. doi
  3. (1997). Confronting AIDS: Public priorities in a global epidemic.World Bank Policy research Report, doi
  4. (2003). Education in Africa: Responding to a Human Rights Violation. Action Aid.
  5. (2000). Ghana: A Baseline Study of the Teacher Education System.
  6. (1999). HIV/AIDS in African children: A major calamity that deserves urgent global action.
  7. (2002). HIV/AIDS prevention and sexuality education must change to meet their promise.
  8. (2003). Perception of risk of HIV/AIDS and sexual behaviour in Kenya. doi
  9. (1997). Success in HIV Prevention: some strategies and approaches.
  10. (2000). Working with young people – towards an agenda for sexual health. Sexual and Relationships Therapy, doi

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.