Lom-AKH-I enhances the activation in vivo of prophenoloxidase in the haemolymph of the African migratory locust, Locusta migratoria, in response to challenge with laminarin. AKH does not influence the speed or initial magnitude of the phenoloxidase response to laminarin, but prolongs the period of activation of the enzyme in a dose-dependent manner. Injections of preparations of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) do not activate prophenoloxidase in vivo, but co-injection of Lom-AKH-I with commercial preparations of LPS from Klebsiella pneumoniae, Escherichia coli, or Shigella flexneri (but not one from Pseudomonas aeroginosa) results in dose-dependent increases in the levels of phenoloxidase that persist in the haemolymph for several hours. It is argued that the effects of AKH on phenoloxidase activation in locusts described here are, at least in part, related directly to changes in lipid metabolism brought about by the hormone
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