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On Conway mutation and link homology

By Peter Lambert-Cole

Abstract

We give a new, elementary proof that Khovanov homology with $\mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z}$--coefficients is invariant under Conway mutation. This proof also gives a strategy to prove Baldwin and Levine's conjecture that $\delta$--graded knot Floer homology is mutation--invariant. Using the Clifford module structure on $\widetilde{\text{HFK}}$ induced by basepoint maps, we carry out this strategy for mutations on a large class of tangles. Let $L'$ be a link obtained from $L$ by mutating the tangle $T$. Suppose some rational closure of $T$ corresponding to the mutation is the unlink on any number of components. Then $L$ and $L'$ have isomorphic $\delta$--graded $\widehat{\text{HFK}}$-groups over $\mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z}$ as well as isomorphic Khovanov homology over $\mathbb{Q}$. We apply these results to establish mutation--invariance for the infinite families of Kinoshita-Terasaka and Conway knots. Finally, we give sufficient conditions for a general Khovanov-Floer theory to be mutation--invariant.Comment: 38 pages, 7 figure

Topics: Mathematics - Geometric Topology, 57M27, 57R58
Year: 2017
OAI identifier: oai:arXiv.org:1701.00880

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