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Balancing Ethical Goals in Challenging Individual Participant Scenarios Occurring in a Trial Conducted with Exception from Informed Consent

By Michelle H. Biros, Neal W. Dickert, David W. Wright, Victoria M. Scicluna, Deneil Harney, Robert Silbergleit, Kurt Denninghoff and Rebecca D. Pentz

Abstract

In 1996, federal regulations were put into effect that allowed enrollment of critically ill or injured patients into Food and Drug Administration (FDA)‐regulated clinical trials using an exception from informed consent (EFIC) under narrowly prescribed research circumstances. Despite the low likelihood that a legally authorized representative (LAR) would be present within the interventional time frame, the EFIC regulations require the availability of an informed consent process, to be applied if an LAR is present and able to provide prospective consent for patient enrollment into the trial. The purpose of this article is to describe a series of unanticipated consent‐related questions arising when a potential surrogate decision‐maker appeared to be available at the time of patient enrollment into a trial proceeding under EFIC

Publisher: Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Year: 2015
DOI identifier: 10.1111/acem.12602
OAI identifier: oai:deepblue.lib.umich.edu:2027.42/110828
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