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The SAMI Galaxy Survey: Spatially resolving the environmental quenching of star formation in GAMA galaxies

By A. L. Schaefer, S. M. Croom, J. T. Allen, S. Brough, A. M. Medling, I. -T. Ho, N. Scott, S. N. Richards, M. B. Pracy, M. L. P. Gunawardhana, P. Norberg, M. Alpaslan, A. E. Bauer, K. Bekki, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. V. Bloom, J. J. Bryant, W. J. Couch, S. P. Driver, L. M. R. Fogarty, C. Foster, G. Goldstein, A. W. Green, A. M. Hopkins, I. S. Konstantopoulos, J. S. Lawrence, A. R. López-Sánchez, N. P. F. Lorente, M. S. Owers, R. Sharp, S. M. Sweet, E. N. Taylor, J. van de Sande, C. J. Walcher and O. I. Wong

Abstract

We use data from the Sydney-AAO Multi-Object Integral Field Spectrograph (SAMI) Galaxy Survey and the Galaxy And Mass Assembly (GAMA) survey to investigate the spatially-resolved signatures of the environmental quenching of star formation in galaxies. Using dust-corrected measurements of the distribution of H$\alpha$ emission we measure the radial profiles of star formation in a sample of 201 star-forming galaxies covering three orders of magnitude in stellar mass (M$_{*}$; $10^{8.1}$-$10^{10.95}\, $M$_{\odot}$) and in $5^{th}$ nearest neighbour local environment density ($\Sigma_{5}$; $10^{-1.3}$-$10^{2.1}\,$Mpc$^{-2}$). We show that star formation rate gradients in galaxies are steeper in dense ($\log_{10}(\Sigma_{5}/$Mpc$^{2})>0.5$) environments by $0.58\pm 0.29\, dex\, $r$_{e}^{-1}$ in galaxies with stellar masses in the range $10^{10}<$M$_{*}/$M$_{\odot}<10^{11}$ and that this steepening is accompanied by a reduction in the integrated star formation rate. However, for any given stellar mass or environment density the star-formation morphology of galaxies shows large scatter. We also measure the degree to which the star formation is centrally concentrated using the unitless scale-radius ratio ($r_{50,H\alpha}/r_{50,cont}$), which compares the extent of ongoing star formation to previous star formation. With this metric we find that the fraction of galaxies with centrally concentrated star formation increases with environment density, from $\sim 5\pm 4\%$ in low-density environments ($\log_{10}(\Sigma_{5}/$Mpc$^{2})<0.0$) to $30\pm 15\%$ in the highest density environments ($\log_{10}(\Sigma_{5}/$Mpc$^{2})>1.0$). These lines of evidence strongly suggest that with increasing local environment density the star formation in galaxies is suppressed, and that this starts in their outskirts such that quenching occurs in an outside-in fashion in dense environments and is not instantaneous.Comment: 24 pages, 16 figures, accepted for publication in MNRA

Topics: Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies
Publisher: 'Oxford University Press (OUP)'
Year: 2016
DOI identifier: 10.1093/mnras/stw2289
OAI identifier: oai:arXiv.org:1609.02635

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