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1H NMR determination of the self-association of an acridine homodimer and its complexation with ethidium bromide in aqueous solution

By M.P. Evstigneev, V.P. Evstigneev and David B. Davies


1H NMR spectroscopy (500MHz) has been used to investigate the self-association in aqueous buffered solution of a bis-intercalator, Acridine Homodimer (AcrH), and its hetero-association with the aromatic dye, Ethidium Bromide (EB). The equilibrium constants and thermodynamical parameters (enthalpy and entropy) of self-association have been determined from the observed concentration and temperature dependences of chemical shifts of AcrH protons and the results are consistent with a model consisting of at least four distinct forms of AcrH molecules in solution: unfolded (U), folded (F), a dimer formed from two folded molecules (F2) and a trimer formed from three folded molecules (F3). It has also been shown that Ethidium Bromide complexes strongly to the dimer form (F2) of the bis-acridine molecule, AcrH. Comparison of the calculated association parameters of AcrH with the previously studied Ethidium Homodimer (EBH) revealed a correlation between the effectiveness of complexation and the length of chain connecting the chromophores of a bis-intercalator

Topics: bcs
Publisher: Elsevier
Year: 2006
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