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Proposal for Qualification of Gas-Generating Radioactive Payloads for Transportation within a Type B Package

By T.K. Houghtaling


Characterization data describing radioactive materials (RAM) in storage are likely those associated with the processes that produced the materials or with the mission for which they were produced. Along with impurity data, often absent or unknown as a result of post-processing storage environment is moisture content. Radiolysis of moisture may lead to a hydrogen flammability hazard within a closed volume such as a storage can or a transportation package. This paper offers a practical means of qualifying payloads of unknown moisture content for shipment within Type B packaging, while supporting the DOE program to maintain radworker dose as low as reasonable achievable (ALARA). Specifically, the paper discusses part of a qualification program carried out at the Savannah River Site for onsite shipment of legacy RAM within the DDF-1 package. The DDF-1 is an onsite-only prototype of the currently certified 9975 package. Measurement of storage-can lid bulge can provide an upper bound for pressure within a storage can. Subsequent belljar testing can measure the rate of gas leakage from a storage can. These actions are shown sufficient to ensure that the performance of the 9975 containment vessels can accommodate the deflagration energy from flammable gas mixtures within Normal Conditions of Transport, and, and the consequences of a detonation shock wave within Hypothetical Accident Conditions

Topics: Flammability, Storage, Radiolysis, Alara, 08 Hydrogen, Radioactive Materials, Containment, Packaging, Pressure Vessels, Mixtures, Moisture, Shock Waves, Hydrogen, Explosions
Publisher: Savannah River Site (S.C.)
Year: 2002
DOI identifier: 10.1115/pvp2002-1618
OAI identifier:
Provided by: UNT Digital Library
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