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Fiscal Year 1998

By A.R.W. Daily


Of the several thermal, mechanical and hydrological measurements being used to monitor the rockmass response in the Single Heater Test, electrical resistance tomography (ERT) is being used to monitor the movement of liquid water with a special interest in the movement of condensate out of the system. Images of resistivity change were calculated using data collected before, during and after the heating episode. This report will concentrate on the results obtained after heating ceased; previous reports discuss the results obtained during the heating phase. The changes recovered show a region of increasing resistivity approximately centered around the heater as the rock mass cooled. The size of this region grows with time and the resistivity increases become stronger. The increases in resistivity are caused by both temperature and saturation changes. The Waxman Smits model has been used to calculate rock saturation after accounting for temperature effects. The saturation estimates suggest that during the heating phase, a region of drying forms around the heater. During the cooling phase, the dry region has remained relatively stable. Wetter rock regions which developed below the heater during the heating phase, are slowly becoming smaller in size during the cooling phase. The last set of images indicate that some rewetting of the dry zone may be occurring. The accuracy of the saturation estimates depends on several factors that are only partly understood

Topics: Heating, Radioactive Waste Facilities, Hydrology, Resistivity Surveys, Water Saturation, 05 Nuclear Fuels, Progress Report, Response Functions, Site Characterization, Yucca Mountain, Reservoir Rock
Publisher: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Year: 1997
DOI identifier: 10.2172/350824
OAI identifier:
Provided by: UNT Digital Library
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