Article thumbnail

Rural-Urban Economic Disparities among China’s Elderly

By Maria Manuela Nêveda Da Costa and Jianjun Ji

Abstract

Some of the most controversial effects of China's post-1978 economic reforms have been on regional income disparities and on the divide between urban and rural development. How important are those income disparities? And how do they affect the elderly, who are perhaps the most vulnerable to the changes brought by China’s transition? What is the government’s role in providing income support? This paper examines the rural-urban disparities in income, expenditures, and government support among the elderly in China. We test for significant differences in levels and sources of income and in types of expenditures using a nationwide survey on rural and urban elderly conducted by China’s Elderly Scientific Research Center in 1992. This survey consists of two separate sets of responses, one for urban areas (9,889 respondents) and the other for rural areas (10,194 respondents), and provides demographic, socioeconomic, and health characteristics of the elderly. In addition, we propose to investigate the type and level of government income support programs at the local and state level. The findings are evaluated and policy implications discussed in the context of China’s transition to a market economy and choice of development strategies.

OAI identifier:

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.

Suggested articles

Citations

  1. (2001). China’s Divisive Development Growing Urban-Rural Inequality Bodes Trouble,”
  2. (1997). Disparities between Rural and Urban Elderly in Contemporary China”. Thesis,
  3. (1999). Estimation of Inequality Indices,”
  4. (1991). Henen Population Studies.
  5. (2004). How has the Literature on
  6. (1993). Income and Wealth Inequality and the Life Cycle: A Non-Parametric Analysis for China,”
  7. (1999). Income Distribution in Urban China during the Period of Economic Reform and Globalization,”
  8. (1999). Inside China’s Cities: Institutional Barriers and opportunities for Urban Migrants,” The American economic Review,
  9. (1999). Measuring Inequality: The Axiomatic Approach,”
  10. (1989). Pre and Post-Reform Income Distribution in a Chinese Commune: the Case of Dahe Township in Hebei Province,”
  11. (1993). Reform and Urban Bias in China,”
  12. (1988). Reforming China’s Economic System,”
  13. (2002). Regional Variation in Family Support for the Elderly in China:
  14. (1997). Sharing Rising Incomes. Washington D.C.:
  15. (1979). Social Statistics.
  16. (2001). The Formation and Growth of the Income Gap Separating China’s Rich and
  17. (2001). Township and Village Enterprises, Openness and Regional Economic Growth in China,” Post-Communist Economies, Vol.13, number 2.
  18. (2003). Unemployment, Poverty and Income Disparity in Urban China,”
  19. (1999). Urban-Biased Policies and Rising Income Inequality in China,” The American economic Review,